wireless medicine

Wireless Medicine

Mobile technology is bringing the patient’s bedside to the physician’s
Smartphone or tablet computer.

The best news is that it can put it in the patients hands and give control
back to the Patient

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>>> story here tonight, we’re about to hear one of the smartphone may change his
profession and personal medical his story tonight from dr. nancy snyderman.

>> why do we have people being treated like cattle herds? that’s waste.
and the billions of dollars that’s being wasted each year for screening and the
wrong drugs and the wrong everything. it’s astounding, and we just can’t go on
like this.

>> i’ll take that, thanks.

>> reporter: dr. eric topol has long been one of the world’s foremost
cardiologists. he has now become the foremost expert in the exploding field of
wireless medicine. and this explosion, he says, is about to make our health care
better and cheaper. watch what he does with his cell phone.

>> we’ll just pop this is phone into it like that.

>> reporter: he shows how simply his modified iphone produces a
cardiogram for a patient.

>> so you just put your fingers on it. there you go. and in a second —
you know, in the first or second it stabilizes.

>> reporter: the device was approved by the fda in december and is now
sold to physicians for $199. topol tells his patient he just saved a $100
technician’s fee.

>> so are we close to using this to say i’m going to diagnose you and
prescribe four or five apps instead of four or five medications?

>> well, these days i’m actually prescribing a lot more apps than i am
medications. you can take the phone and make it a lab on a chip. you can do
blood tests, saliva tests, urine tests, all kinds of things. sweat tests through
your phone. this is a powerful device.

>> and we’ll just have you hold that on there like that.

>> reporter: topol’s patient, ron thompson, is dealing with several
significant heart issues.

>> you saw that on a phone. didn’t you just — weren’t you just amazed
the first time you saw that?

>> absolutely. it’s like having an ecg machine hooked up to me and
shaving my chest and sticking, you know, stick ’em on there and putting
electrodes or whatever, but yeah, no, this is incredible.

>> reporter: topol also uses a portable ultrasound, a v-scan to image
ron’s heart.

>> so get a window. there’s the aorta. you see —

>> i sure do.

>> reporter: the v-scan is made by ge, a parent company of nbc.

>> can you see that? see how strong that is coming together?

>> reporter: he does in the office what would normally be a separate test
costing $800.

>> there’s 20 million, over 20 million echocardiograms done a year. so 20
million times $800, that’s a lot of money. probably 70, 80% we can get rid of
just by having this as part of the physical exam.

>> i was surprised when you saw ron that the technology did not get in
the way of the doctor/patient relationship.

>> actually i think it helps make the whole interaction much more
intimate, because now i’m sharing the results in realtime. there’s so much
technology now that we could — by using digital structure that exists today,
that we could make the office visit an enjoyable thing. not only that, nancy,
but it doesn’t have to be in person. there’s no reason why a lot of office
visits, if not most, could be done remotely.

>> ron could take his ekg at home, send —

>> yes. we’d be looking at it together. or if i got him a wireless
ultrasound and he just puts it right there and i say, okay, take a deep breath,
i could be watching it in realtime. anything that we can do can be done

>> reporter: when topol came to scripps in san diego from cleveland, he
started a new chapter in his life.

>> when you moved here in 2006, you had just left the cleveland clinic
under not very happy circumstances.

>> right.

>> reporter: he had a rep contusion for brashness. he questioned the
safety of the hugely profitable pain killer vioxx and eventually forced it off
the market.

>> i resigned after having been there 14 years. it was a significant part
of my career.

>> do you think, wow, i’ve done a really great job making health care
better or do you think, damn, there’s so much yet to do?

>> i feel the damn, there’s so much to do problem. i feel that big-time.

>> do you ever think about how you’re going to die?

>> yeah, i do sometimes. you know, i watched my mother die at a very
young age, in her early 50s, with leukemia. my father was an end-stage diabetic.
he went blind at age 49.

>> reporter: topol uses dna testing and monitoring to guide his daily
life. he refuses to use elevators and his day is spent walking from building to
building. he incorporates an hour of exercise into virtually every day, no
matter how busy. trying to live the life he thinks we’ll all be living in the
near future.

>> how did you find out about that?

>> reporter: at lunch we pulled out what we were told is one of his
weaknesses, tortilla chips.

>> will you partake?

>> oh, yeah, it’s hard to resist.

>> okay, come on. handful.

>> reporter: they are loaded with carbohydrates, which trigger glucose.

>> yeah, this is my guilty pleasure here.

>> reporter: so out comes his cell phone.

>> i can look at my glucose every minute. i don’t want to look at it
every minute, but i can. so i can just turn it on, my glucose. fortunately i
haven’t had enough chips yet. it’s 107.

>> how does it know that?

>> i have a sensor on.

>> where?

>> i have it on my abdomen, but i’ll show you what it looks like. it’s
like that. touching the skin.

>> so that sends a wireless signal to this?

>> yes.

>> and if you were a diabetic and you had this, you could then send this
message to your physician or to your computer.

>> oh, yeah.

>> and you could start to see triggers and trends and follow this?

>> sure, oh, yeah.

>> and there goes the lifestyle change?

>> you got it.

>> reporter: eric topol is a man who looks way over the horizon, and
everywhere he looks, he sees a cell phone.

>> in the future, let’s assume i have heart disease, what could this tell
me about impending trouble?

>> well, we’re working on a project that will take a nanosensor in the
bloodstream that is smaller than a grain of sand and it will — it will pick up
a signal when you have cells that are coming off, shed into the bloodstream,
coming off from the artery lining, which is a precursor to a heart attack. and
then you will get on your phone a special heart attack ring tone, which will
warn you within the week or two weeks that you are very liable to have a heart
attack. i know it sounds a little invasive putting this little tiny, smaller
than a grain of sand in your blood, but what that will do of having your body
under continuous surveillance, talking to your phone, that’s the future of
medicine. so this is the heart rate.

>> reporter: this is his newest passion, the busy mobile wrist monitor.
topol was involved in its development. everything a hospital intensive care unit
now monitors, this does wirelessly.

>> so if my 90-year-old father is discharged from the hospital, it’s
conceivable he could go home with something like this and a doctor could monitor
him remotely?

>> absolutely.

>> reporter: his book lays out how the digital revolution will create
better health care.

>> you write in your book that medicine is currently set up to be
maximally imprecise.

>> medicine today is about as much wasteful as one can imagine. so let’s
just take drugs in this country, prescription drugs. 350 billion a year, a third
of which is total waste. we’re giving a drug that doesn’t work, in fact even
worse now, we’re giving drugs that backfire with side effects. so that’s $100
billion plus just from the prescription medications. and what about mass
screening? every woman should have a mammogram every year, colonoscopy, psas,
it’s really medicine dumbed down. it’s treating everyone the same. that’s crazy.
each of us are truly unique in every way.

>> what does the patient of tomorrow look like?

>> the patient of tomorrow is the biggest switch. people need to take
ownership. they need to seize the moment and seize the data. the new medicine is
plugged into you. it’s understanding you, which we’ve never really done before,
and you drive it. you’ve got the data and you’ve got information that you never
had before. wouldn’t you like that information? most people would. and wouldn’t
you like to be helping to call the shots?

>> fascinating story. our thanks to doctors topol and snyderman for that.



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